Abortion-rights advocates consider the bill on the chamber's Tuesday agenda the biggest threat to abortion services proposed in the 2013 Kansas legislature.
Supporters contend the measure will lessen the state's entanglement with a procedure that many residents find objectionable.
The bill would prevent groups that provide abortions from receiving tax exemptions or credits that go to other nonprofit groups or health care providers. It would also bar women who claim income tax deductions for medical expenses from including the cost of abortion services.
The legislation also would prohibit any agency that provides abortions from furnishing materials or instructors for public school sex education classes.