The Senate has also approved regulations for counselors who help people navigate the online insurance marketplace created by the Affordable Care Act.
The bill requires these health care navigators to register with the attorney general's office by July 2015, to submit their fingerprints, and to undergo background checks.
The attorney general's office also will handle complaints about navigators.
Republicans say the bill protects consumers from financial fraud and identity theft. Democrats say the measure is unnecessary and a political statement against the new federal health care law.
Kansas has about 170 navigators.
Most of them were trained by the Kansas Association for the Medically Underserved, an organization that does conduct background checks on navigators.